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Showing posts from July, 2017

Istanbul Archeology Museum

Founded as the Imperial Museum by the famous painter and museum artist Osman Hamdi Bey in the late 19th century, the Istanbul Archeology Museum is regarded as one of the world's greatest museums, with more than a million artifacts from various cultures. The collections of the museum include works belonging to the civilizations of the Ottoman Empire, from the Balkans to Africa, from Anatolia and Mesopotamia to the Arabian Peninsula and Afghanistan. The works exhibiting the development of sculpture art from the Archaic Period to the Byzantine Period can be followed in chronological order. On the top floor of the main building are small stone works, pottery, terracotta figurines, treasury department, 80,000 coins, seals, engagements and medals.



Istanbul Archeology Museum consists of three museums; The Museum of Archeology, the Museum of Ancient Oriental Art, and the Chinese Pavilion Museum.

Archeology Museum

Main building
It was started to be built by Osman Hamdi Bey in 1981, and its …

Egyptian Bazaar

The Egyptian Bazaar is made up of many shops in Istanbul. The bazaar in the first place of the list of places to visit in Istanbul is in the form of an "L" and was built in the 17th century as part of the New Mosque Complex. The bazaar where the income was transferred to charitable institutions for a period of time is also known as "Spice Bazaar". The "Egyptian Bazaar" comes from the fact that the name of the bazaar is made with the taxes from Egyptian products. Turhan Sultan is the owner of the bazaar built by architect Kazım Ağa at the time.



The building has experienced several disasters several times throughout its history. The greatest of these disasters is the fire incident in 1940. The building, which suffered great damage in this fire, has been renovated by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. The bazaar has two main and five side doors. The Egyptian Bazaar, one of the most famous bazaars in Istanbul, is located near the New Mosque in Eminönü.



T…

World's Capital: Istanbul

Istanbul, which is the most important city of Turkey, is undoubtedly one of the important cities of the world in terms of its location over the globe. Istanbul has developed on both sides of the Istanbul Strait, which separates Asia and Europe from each other and is one of the most important waterways of the world.



It has been the capital to Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman civilizations. Starting from the day when it came to the stage of history, Istanbul continues to be a world city; Geographical position, unique natural beauties and the richness of cultural heritage integrated with them, the love and peace of the whole humanity, not only the Turkish people, but also the whole world.

It can be said that there are many factors in protecting the superiority of Istanbul as a world city for many years. These are the facts that the city was founded on two sides of the Bosphorus, which links the countries along the Black Sea to the rest of the world. The second is that it has the Golden Horn,…

Ihlamur Pavilion

Ihlamur Pavilion, which is located between the Besiktas and Nişantaşı, was built by Sultan Abdülmecit (1839-1861) to Nikogos Balyan. Nikogos Balyan built two buildings into a 24.724 square meters of wooded area, surrounded by high walls. These buildings are called Merasim Pavilion and Maiyet Pavilion. Merasim Pavilion is the main Ihlamur Pavilion.



The area where the crescents are located is known as "Hacı Hüseyin Bağları" in the 18th century, while it was transformed into a "Has Bahçe (beautiful Garden)" in the period of III. Ahmet (1703-1730). Sultan Abdülhamid (1774-1789) and III. Selim (1789-1807) also attracted interest in the period, the first half of the 19th century Sultan Abdulmecit used it for rest and guest hospitality. Abdülmecit built this big one between 1849 and 1855, replacing this simple and small one.

The Ceramics Mansion, which was originally designed for ceremonies and is now known as the Linden Gate, was built on a high basement with a cut stone…

Topkapi Palace

Topkapi Palace is a palace built on a high hill in Istanbul, Sarayburnu. The Ottoman Empire was ruled here for four centuries.



After Fatih Sultan Mehmet took Istanbul, he built a palace and settled there, the palace, in the present Beyazıt, where the university is located. The leaders of the state began to make the Topkapi Palace when they suggested that it would not be right for the sultan to sit in the middle of the city in a seized city. At that time Sarayburnu was a promenade covered with olive trees. Several separate circles, pavilions, pooled gardens were built once; There was a wall around it. Old Palac is left to the relatives of the sultans, servants and maids.

The name of "Topkapı" comes from one of the gates of Sarayburnu in Istanbul during the Byzantine period. The palace is supposed to be completed in 1478.

There were seven large Gates four of them overlooking to land and three to the sea. The palace was entered from the so-called "Bab-i Hümayun" in fr…

History and Characteristics of Grand Bazaar

The oldest and largest covered bazaar in the world is located in the center of Istanbul, in the middle of the Beyazit, Nuruosmaniye and Mercan districts. The Grand Bazaar has 60 streets, nearly 4,000 shops.



The bazaar, which was built as two covered bazaars with the order of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, has greatly expanded during the reign of Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent.
The year 1460, the beginning of the construction, was accepted as the foundation year of the Grand Bazaar. The main bazaar was built by Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent as wood.



Like a giant labyrinth, the 66 streets of 30,700 square meters and the Grand Bazaar with 4,000 shops have become a unique center for Istanbul to be seen.



Some of the features of the old times have been changed, even if they have been repaired in the past like the Grand Bazaar, which had an earthquake and a few big fires.



In old times, there were certain occupations on every street. Commercial ethics and customs, where handcraft manufacturi…

Saint Antoine: The Greatest Catholic Church in Istanbul

The wanderer from different religions or sects came to Istabul wondering about the Saint Antoine Church, which had not a very flamboyant entrance. Now that we have briefly reviewed the history of the church, and then let's examine its architectural features.


The Location of Saint Antoine Church


Saint Antoine Church is located on Istiklal street in Beyoğlu, on the left side of Galatasaray High School's road to Tunnel. At the beginning of the 1230's the priests built their church in the name of St. Francis of Assisi. This architectural masterpiece was recognized as the Hagia Sophia of the Latin at that time. In the 1300s, the priests, who were removed from the first churches of the Greek part, joined their brothers in St. Francis in Galata. The Church of St. Francis, who fled twice in the fires of 1639 and 1660, and rebuilt, survived a miracle from the fire of 1696, swallowing all around. Mustafa II. turned to the mausoleum as a result of her mother's pressures. Then the …

St. Irene: The First Church of Istanbul

St. Irene Church is both the first church and the first museum of Istanbul! The name of the Hagia Irini comes from the name of Hagia Eirene (Aziz İren) which means "Sacred Peace". Let's take a look at the legendary history and architectural structure of this mosque, which has a history of about 2,500 years.


The influence of Saint Iren on Rome
It is a young woman named Penelope who gave the name to the St. Irene Church. According to the legend, like many other Romans, she came to Constantinople at the time when Great Constantine rebuilt the city as a capital. Penelope, a faithful Christian, endeavors to introduce the people of Rome to Jesus. However, the pagan Romans who refuse this do various denials to the woman to deny Mother Mary and to be subject to Paganism.

First they throw her to a well filled with snakes, but the snakes do not go to it overnight. Then they accuse the woman with witchcraft. Finally they tie her to horses and drift for hours... The Romans swear all…