Skip to main content

Yerebatan Cistern

Built in 532 by Emperor Justinianus, the Yerebatan Cistern is also known as the Basilica Cistern because it is located under the Stoa Basilica. The cistern is 140 m long. Width 70 m.and it is a gigantic structure that covers a rectangular area. This cistern, which is laid with a staircase of 52 steps, has 336 columns in height of 9m. These columns rising in the water remind of a giant forest, and the visitors are fastinated as soon as they enter the cistern. The ceiling weight of the cistern is cruciform, the vaults are rounded, transferred to the pillars by arches, the bulk of the columns of granite cuts from various marble types, which are understood to have been gathered from older buildings, consist of one part and two parts on top of each other. The titles of these columns sometimes have different properties. While 98 of these reflect Corinthian style, rest of them reflects Dor style. The cistern is made of bricks, 4.80 m. Thick walls and brick-paved floors were plastered with a thick layer of Khorasan to make them water-impermeable. With a total area of 9.800 m2, this cistern has a water storage capacity of approximately 100.000 tons.

The cistern, in which 7,000 corpses worked, was built by emperor Valens. The length of the Valens (Bozdoğan) arch is 115.45 m. The water was brought with the help of Mağlova Belt in the length of 19 km.

The majority of the columns in the cistern, except for a few that are angular or grooved, are cylindrical. This column is known as the "Farum Tauri" in the Byzantine period. The time of the great Theodynius (379-395) is similar to the columns of victory. According to a hearsay, the shapes on them are similar to the tears of hundreds of slaves who died in the Great Basilica. 9 columns in the longest place and 2 columns in the narrowest place are not visible because 40 columns are behind these walls. Two Medusa heads used as pedestals under two columns on the northwest corner of the cistern are examples of masterpieces of Roman sculpture. It is believed that it is not an exact knowledge about which structure these were belonged to and brought here, but it was taken from an ancient structure belonging to the Roman Period and brought here.

Many rumors based on mythology about Medusa make it even more mysterious. According to a rumor, Medusa is one of the three Gorgons, the female monster of the underworld in Greek mythology. In this three sisters only Medusa is Snake Head. And he has the power to turn the person looks at her into stones. It is believed that Medusan was placed here with this thought, in order to protect the great buildings and private places from evil.

Again according to a personalized version, Medusa is a girl who boasted with black eyes, long hair and beautiful body. She loves The Greek God Perseus, the son of Zeus. Athene loves Perseus and envies Medusa. Athene makes Medusa's hair look like terrifying snakes. To whom Medusa looks at, becomes stone. Perseus thinks that Medusa is enchanted, cuts her head, and takes the head to the wars. Those who see the head become stone and Perseus wins the wars.

After this, it is said that Medusa had been processed in the ancient Byzantine in reverse and sideways to the sword-snakes and column bases. According to another custom, Medusa saw herself in Perseus's sword and turned into stone.

Yerebatan Cistern was used for a while after the conquest of Istanbul by the Ottomans in 1453 and the gardens of the Topkapi Palace were watered here. The cistern, which the Ottomans preferred to use tap water instead of stagnant water after they built their own water facilities in the city, was rediscovered by Dutch traveler P. Gyllius who came to Istanbul to investigate Byzantine remains in 1544-1550.

Basilica Cistern has been through various repairs since the day it was founded. The first restoration of the cisternwas in the 18th century. It was built by Mehmet Aga, architect from Kayseri. Second major repair was in the 19th century. It was in the time of Abdülhamit (1876-1909). The biggest reparation was initiated by Istanbul Municipality in 1985. It was completed on September 9, 1987, with 50.000 tons of mud being removed and the platform being built.

Yerebatan Cistern is open daily between 09.00 - 17.30 hours.


Popular posts from this blog

Winter Sports


Snowboarding, a winter sport linked to the International Ski Federation, is an activity with snowboarding on the feet. Popularities are based on the 1990s.


With its two long slides underneath which provide transport on slippery slopes such as snow and ice, the slippery, or slippery, horse-drawn, dog-sled, slippery slippery skid now allows the card to safely slide and have fun.

Tour Slide

It is one of the sports clubs that are lighter and shorter, the tour deck which is separated from the normal ski with the features like the hole in the nose and the notch at the back, and high performance. We can describe this sport as slipping down a slope that is reached by walking for a long time.

Snow Canos

It is not very common that this sport is applied as a slip on a sloping and snowy ground. The snow canal can be likened to an upper level of slippery slip from childhood. The most important issue to be aware of is that it requires a large level area to stop after the slope.


Çambaşı Ski Center

Çambaşı Ski Center, projected within the boundaries of the Ordu's Kabadüz district Çambaşı Plateau, is one of the new destinations of provincial tourism.

The large part of the year, especially in summer, the presence of a geographical area with highland and foreign tourists watching is a great advantage for the ski resort.

Another characteristic of the 1850-meter-high ski resort spreads over an area of lake view and surrounded by spruce trees is the potential for quality snow. At the beginning of the activity started with a babylift in the center of 1250 and 1000 meters in length is planned to be done two sieve. The total runway length of the area with five separate runways is 10 kilometers. The longest runway reaches 3000 meters. The length of Babylift is 300 meters and it allows you to ski 1000 meters. The maximum elevation difference between the ski runs at all levels is 325 meters.

In the center there is a ski resort, a cafeteria and an administration room, as well as three se…

Akdag Ski Center

Samsun, leaning his back on the Canik Mountains, is washing his face with the salt water of the Black Sea every day. The people of the region who are longing for the land due to the low snowfall of the coastal parts of the Black Sea, escape to the high mountains in the interior in January. In summer, Samsun is overflowing as a summer resort and in the winter months it becomes the address of Akdag Winter Sports Center and Central Black Sea skiing activities.

Akdag is the highest mountain of Samsun with its mass of 2086 meters; 80 kilometres from the center of the province, five kilometers from the center of Ladik district. In addition to Samsun, Akdağ attracts intense interest from the surrounding provinces such as Amasya, Çorum and Tokat. Today, Akdag is a tourist ski resort. Providing comfortable and risk-free skiing with the ability to hold crushed snow on the slippery surface of the ground, Akdag is ideal for those who want to decorate with a view of nature, sports and snow during t…